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The Problem

Bicycle-related head injuries account for about:
500 deaths per year
17,000 hospitalizations
153,000 emergency department visits
Two-thirds of bicycle-related deaths
One-third of non-fatal bicycle injuries

There is:
• One head injury death every 15 hours
• One emergency department visit due to head injury every 3 minutes

Cost of bicycle-related head injuries:
• Costs society more than $3 billion in 1991
32% of bicycle-related head injury deaths in 1992 were children aged 5-14 years

Age is a factor for bicycle-related injuries and deaths:
• Rate of injury is highest for children aged 5-15 years
• Rate of death is highest for children aged 10-14 years

Gender is a factor for bicycle-related injuries and deaths:
• Males are 2.4 times more likely to be killed per bicycle trip.

Helmet use is a factor. Universal helmet use could:
• Save one life each day
• Prevent one head injury every 4 minutes